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Title: Flexible theoretical calculation of loop length and area density of weft-knitted structures: part II
Other Titles: Гнучкий теоретичний розрахунок довжини нитки в петлі та поверхневої густини подвійного кулірного трикотажу: частина ІІ
Authors: Arbataitis, Edgaras
Mikucioniene, Daiva
Ielina, Tetiana
Halavska, Liudmyla
Keywords: loop length
area density
weft-knitted structure
tuck stitch
geometrical model
довжина нитки в петлі
поверхнева густина
структура подвійного трикотажу
геометрична модель
Issue Date: 31-Aug-2021
Citation: Flexible theoretical calculation of loop length and area density of weft-knitted structures: part II / E. Arbataitis, D. Mikucioniene, T. Ielina, L. Halavska // Materials. – 2021. – Volume 14, Issue 17 (September-1 2021), 4988. – P. 1-12. – Режим доступу:
Source: Materials
Abstract: A simple and flexible method for theoretical calculation of the main structural parameters of various weft-knitted fancy and combined patterns is presented in this article. It is especially important for patterns containing different elements, such as loops, floats of different lengths, tucks, and tuck stitches. Measurement of an actual average length of the loop in these fabrics is complicated because it is necessary to disassemble precisely one pattern repeat to measure the yarn length and divide it by the number of elements in this pattern repeat. For large and complex pattern repeats, this is difficult and usually gives a high number of errors. It is very important to have lengths of structural elements as it helps to predict the main physical properties of knitted fabrics and their mechanical behaviour, which is especially important for protective textiles. The main idea of the proposed method, based on Čiukas geometrical model, is to calculate lengths of various structural elements or even their parts separately, taking into account the number of needle bars and their formation principle, which gives great flexibility to such modelling. The proposed theoretical formulas can be used for various patterned weft-knitted structures containing not only loops but tucks, floats of different lengths, or additional yarns; they give very few errors in empirical calculations and are easy to use.
DOI: 10.3390/ma14174988
Faculty: Факультет індустрії моди
Department: Кафедра технології та дизайну текстильних матеріалів
ISSN: 1996-1944
Appears in Collections:Наукові публікації (статті)
Кафедра технології моди (ТМ)

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